Everyone touts using a visual schedule for children to provide them with structure and routine. But if you’ve never used one before you might be wondering how to make a visual schedule for your home.
Where do you even start?
Why Children Need a Structured Routine & How to Make a Visual Schedule for Your Home
Benefits of a Daily Routine & a Visual Schedule
It’s pretty simple – children need structure in order to thrive. One of the easiest ways to add structure to their life is by creating and following a daily schedule.
Visual schedules are beneficial for all children. But, they can be particularly helpful for children with autism and ADHD.
Some benefits of visual schedules include:
How to Plan Your Daily Routine
Before making the actual visual schedule itself you need to first plan what your daily routine and the kids’ daily routine will look like.
Most likely some parts of your daily routine are already established, like dinner time and bedtime. But if you have a lot of gaps in your day that are chaotic or have no apparent plan then it can be hard to decide what you want to do with that time.
It’s a good idea to jot down a few habits that you’d like the family to adopt as part of their day, for example, everyone cleaning their rooms each day. Then you can start planning those habits into your day.
Creating your Daily Routine & Visual Schedule Step-by-Step
- Write down what already happens every day
The best way is to begin by writing down your schedule starting with what already happens every day and at approximately that time. These should be things such as dinner, waking up, bath time, going to school, bedtime, etc.
- Fill in the gaps
Fill in the gaps by deciding on more structured activities for your child for specific times. Instead of telling them to “go play” you can add activities like – outdoor play, fine motor play (crafts, drawing, cutting, beading, etc), quiet time, etc.
It doesn’t have to be a specific activity that they do every day because that can get very boring. But, for example, if you designate 3 pm-4 pm for craft time, then you plan different tasks each day or a week at a time.
- Structure the environment
Set up specific areas in your home where each of these activities will happen and get any supplies you need. For example, set up your craft table, get a bin and fill it with homework supplies and set up a homework station. Build a calm down space and anything else you want to create.
- Decide how to initiate transitions
Decide how you will transition in between activities on the schedule – will you use a timer? A verbal cue? A sound warning? A song?
Each activity needs a clear start and finish. This helps children know when it’s time to move on. Plus, this transition cue should be consistent between every activity.
- Create the schedule visually
There are many different ways to do this. You can also make this yourself – draw it by hand or create it by finding your own images online and printing them, or you can purchase one of the sets from SchKIDules.
Whatever you chose, make sure the visuals are clear for your child to understand and that everything is concise and consistent.
- Display your schedule
Place the visual schedule in a central location in your home, such as the fridge, or in the family room. Ensure it’s in a location that makes it easy for yourself and kids to check the schedule. In the beginning, you will probably need to remind your kids of the schedule all the time.
- Teach your child to follow the schedule
It’s not enough to make it and hang it up on your fridge – you need to actually teach your child the routine. This is the most important part.
This can take time and may require a lot of prompts and reminders in the beginning. You can’t deviate from the schedule once it’s set – your visual schedule is like a contract between you and your child.
Once the routine is familiar to your child you can begin using strategies to prepare your child for changes in the schedule, such as a change calendar.
A Good Visual Schedule Will:
Visuals for Your Schedule
You’ll need to find visuals to use with your schedule that are easy for your child to understand.
Download the free daily visual schedule starter pack to get 20 images of daily routines that are useful for visual schedules.
If you want even more visuals, you can also purchase the premium bundle for $2.49. It includes 160 images for daily schedules or PECS.