How to Use Breaks to Teach Self-Regulation
Everyone needs to take breaks throughout the day to help them refocus on tasks and prevent them from getting too overwhelmed by demands. What does taking a break look like for you?
For me, it’s sitting quietly and drinking a coffee without any interruptions. If there’s one thing that will bring me back from overwhelm, that’s it. For some people, taking a break means having a brisk walk, or a hot bath. Some people need to take smoke breaks.
For our children, taking a break should be about allowing your child to step away from their current environment and its demands to do something they enjoy for a few minutes without any expectations. The purpose of breaks is to relieve some anxiety and stress.
disclaimer: this post contains affiliate links.
This post is part of a 13 part series. Each post in the series will explain an evidence-based strategy used by professionals for managing behavior with children on the autism spectrum. Each part of this series will contain a table of contents so you can easily navigate to the different strategies.
Table of Contents
- Strategy 1: Build a Relationship
- Strategy 2: Individualize Motivation
- Strategy 3: Observe, Listen, then Join
- Strategy 4: Optimize Language
- Strategy 5: The Premack Principal
- Strategy 6: Basic Redirect
- Strategy 7: Breaks
- Strategy 8: Picture Rehearsal
- Strategy 9: Add Structure at Home
- Strategy 10: Teach Independence with Prompting
- Strategy 11: Transactional Supports
- Strategy 12: Add Structure to the Learning Environment
Why You Should Use Breaks
Different environments are demanding and challenging for kids. Depending on where you are, your child faces social demands, language demands, expectations in the environment, information processing and sensory processing from all channels.
It’s easy to understand why your child may become overwhelmed in various environments. Being overwhelmed can lead to anxiety reactions. Have you ever felt that way at work, or even home where there’s a lot going on?
Having a break lets you re-enter the environment with a new perspective and less stress. Using breaks at the earliest sign of anxiety or stress can help prevent behaviors escalating into meltdowns.
Recognizing Early Anxiety Reactions
Anxiety looks different for everyone. But some common signs that your child is experiencing anxiety can include:
- Change in tone of voice or language
- Change in body language
- Physiological response such as redness in the face
- Clenching the upper body
Noticing these cues and intervening early can significantly reduce the chance of your child having a meltdown.
How Will Breaks Help With Anxiety Reactions?
When an environment is overwhelming, one way to help your child is to modify the environment.
However, that won’t always be possible. In these circumstances, breaks can also help because you can expose your child to an environment very gradually – easing them into it and allowing them to take breaks to help avoid the overwhelm.
This can help your child build up to being more comfortable in particular environments over time.
In school, breaks are a useful tool to help children self-regulate and return to the regular classroom to complete their tasks.
What Type of Break Should You Give?
The type of break you should offer your child depends on their own preferences, the environment and the reason why they need to take a break. There’s two basic types of breaks – movement breaks and claiming breaks.
If your child is struggling to sit still, or focus, they could benefit from a movement break. A movement break involves physical activity that provides a big dose of sensory input. This can calm sensory seekers down allowing them to focus better.
The following resources provide you with some movement break ideas:
If your child is overstimulated, or very visibly upset about something, or shutting down – a movement break is probably not your best choice. In this circumstance you should offer a break that is calming.
- Either allow them to leave the room/environment momentarily for their break OR have a quiet and comfortable space set up in their environment where they can take a break. Keep in mind, this calming area should be away from their work area,
- Give an allotted amount of time to do a preferred activity, or offer different calming tools in the form of a “break box”
- Never offer the same activity that you offer as a reward/reinforcer for breaks because you want that reinforcer to only be earned by doing what’s expected. You don’t want your child to act out in order to get a break and then use their rewarding item.
Why You Need A Break Box
Break boxes are an excellent way to substitute challenging behaviors with sensory sensory-based activities. They can help kids self-regulate – so they can calm down on their own.
Since a break box can be portable, they’re a great tool to use at home, school, and on the go.
You can create them yourself and many items are available at Dollar Tree and other discount stores.
When creating your break box consider adding one or two items from each of the categories in the guide below:
You don’t need these exact items pictures, just something your child would like that fits into each category. You know your child best, so keep in mind items that would help them calm down to use as part of their break.
Continue to: Strategy 8 – Picture Rehearsal